CDC’s Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR) Essay
The Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report is a weekly epidemiological digest for the United States published by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). It is the main vehicle for publishing public health information and recommendations that have been received by the CDC from state health departments.
CDC, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), state and local health departments, and public health and clinical stakeholders continue to investigate a nationwide outbreak of e-cigarette, or vaping, product use–associated lung injury. Characterizing EVALI patients who experience rehospitalization or death after hospital discharge might identify risk factors for higher morbidity and mortality. CDC analyzed national data on EVALI patients to determine the prevalence of rehospitalization and death after discharge and to identify characteristics associated with EVALI patients who require rehospitalization and those who die after discharge, compared with other EVALI patients. As of December 10, 2019, a total of 2,409 EVALI cases requiring hospitalization have been reported to CDC, as have 52 deaths CDC’s Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR) Essay. Among the 1,139 EVALI patients discharged on or before October 31, 2019, 31 (2.7%) were re-hospitalized after discharge, with a median of 4 days (interquartile range between discharge and rehospitalization; seven deaths occurred after discharge, with a median of 3 days, between discharge and death. Characteristics of EVALI patients who were re-hospitalized or died after hospital discharge suggest that chronic medical conditions, including cardiac disease, chronic pulmonary disease (e.g., chronic obstructive pulmonary disease [COPD] and obstructive sleep apnea), and diabetes, are risk factors leading to higher morbidity and mortality among some EVALI patients. (MMWR 2019) CDC’s Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR) Essay
These reports are both discrtiptive and analitlcal by using description and numbers. Descriptive epidemiology describes the what, where, and whys of a disease. The analitlical portion breaks down the issues into further sub catigories of existing conditions and conditions that were in addition to the current medial issues. The evaluation of the systems are needed because medicine often works backwards with information. Systems allow the medical staff to seek a direction of how the body is reacting to a specific issue and also rule out possible issues as well. Many times by having this information the medical staff can inform or rule out issues that often might be treated but in fact are wasting time on what is the real issue that needs to be treated. CDC’s Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR) Essay.
Center for Disease Control and Prevention. (2019). About the morbidity and mortality weekly report (MMWR) series. Retrieved from https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/about.html CDC’s Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR) Essay