Effectiveness of Studies Used in Epidemiology

Effectiveness of Studies Used in Epidemiology

A premise of epidemiology is that health outcomes are not random occurrences within a population, but are linked to particular risk factors and diseases. Epidemiologists utilize a range of study design methods to evaluate evidence-based associations to understand and improve health outcomes. Use the specific Excel worksheets, located in the “Excel Study Design Workbook,” to complete this assignment.


Part 1: Study Design Comparison

Using the “Study Design Comparison Worksheet,” compare and contrast the characteristics of the different types of study design types discussed in this course Effectiveness of Studies Used in Epidemiology. You will be able to use this as a reference throughout the program.

Part 2: Article Comparison

Consider an area of interest that you want to explore as a potential topic for your Epidemiological Profile project. Search for two articles that fit any two of the four study designs (randomized trial, cohort, case-control, and cross-sectional) pertaining to the interest area you chose. Review the articles provided in the “Study Design Resource Document” to practice identifying articles for each study design. (Do not use the actual articles listed in the “Study Design Resource Document” for this assignment.) Complete the “Article Comparison Worksheet” to compare the study design characteristics in each of your two articles. Include details of any gaps in the characteristics or identify if information is missing. Effectiveness of Studies Used in Epidemiology.

General Requirements

Upon completion of both worksheets, submit the “Excel Study Design Workbook.”

This assignment uses a rubric. Please review the rubric prior to beginning the assignment to become familiar with the expectations for successful completion.

APA style is not required, but solid academic writing is expected.

You are not required to submit this assignment to LopesWrite. Effectiveness of Studies Used in Epidemiology


Study Design Resource Document

Case-Control Study Examples

  1. Carton M, Barul C, Menvielle G, et al. (2017) Occupational exposure to solvents and risk of head and neck cancer in women: a population-based case-control study in France. http://bmjopen.bmj.com/content/7/1/e012833    Effectiveness of Studies Used in Epidemiology
  2. Davila JA, Morgan RO, Shaib Y, McGlynn KA, El-Serag HB. (2005) Diabetes increases the risk of hepatocellular carcinoma in the United Sates: a population based case control study. https://www-ncbi-nlm-nih-gov.lopes.idm.oclc.org/pmc/articles/PMC1774454/
  3. Cramer DW, Vitonis VF, Terry KL, Welch WR, Titus LJ. (2016) The association between talc use and ovarian cancer: a retrospective case-control study in two US states. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4820665/


Cross-Sectional Study Examples

  1. Nilsen P, Holmqvist M, Nordqvist C, Bendsten P. (2007) Linking drinking to injury – a causal attribution of injury to alcohol intake among patients in a Swedish emergency room. http://www.tandfonline.com.lopes.idm.oclc.org/doi/abs/10.1080/17457300701374759
  2. Johnson JV, Hall EM. (1988) Job strain, work place social support, and cardiovascular disease: a cross-sectional study of a random sample of the Swedish working population. https://www-ncbi-nlm-nih-gov.lopes.idm.oclc.org/pmc/articles/PMC1349434/
  3. Elliott AM, Luo N, Tembo, G, et al. (1990) Impact of HIV on tuberculosis in Zambia: a cross  sectional study. http://search.proquest.com.lopes.idm.oclc.org/docview/1776431657?accountid=7374   Effectiveness of Studies Used in Epidemiology