Gynecological Health Care for Lesbian, Bisexual & Transgender Individuals essay
Gynecological Health Care for Lesbian, Bisexual & Transgender Individuals ________________________________________ The purpose of this paper is to better understand gynecological health care for lesbian, bisexual and transgender individuals. • Define and describe for lesbian, bisexual and transgender individuals. o Gender and sexuality concepts. o Social and political context. o Social determinants of health affecting lesbian, bisexual and transgender individuals. o Barriers to health care. o Health care disparities. Submission Instructions: • The paper is to be clear and concise and students will lose points for improper grammar, punctuation and misspelling. • The paper is to be no shorter than 4-5 pages in length, excluding the title and references page. • Your paper should be formatted per APA. academic sources no older than 5 years (2016-2021). • Incorporate current practice guidelines for diagnosis and treatment and a minimum of 6 current (published within the last five years) scholarly journal articles or primary legal sources (statutes, court opinions) within your work. Journal articles and books should be referenced according to APA style (the library has a copy of the APA Manual).
Gynecological Health Care for Lesbian, Bisexual & Transgender Individuals essay
Gynecological Health Care for Lesbian, Bisexual and Transgender Individuals
An Overview of Lesbian, Bisexual, and Transgender Individuals
The Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender, Queer (LGBTQ) population represents a distinct community of Sexual and Gender Minority (SGM) individuals with a wide range of gender identities and sexual orientations (Quinn et al., 2020). Billard and Gross (2020) mentioned that whilst the LGBTQ community is made up of distinct groups, these identities and groups largely share the common bond of witnessing and experiencing disparities that are considered a major source of discrimination, prejudice and stigma. Gynecological Health Care for Lesbian, Bisexual & Transgender Individuals essay Against this backdrop, this analytical essay seeks to create a better understanding of gynecological health care for lesbian, bisexual, gay and transgender individuals.
Gender and Sexuality Concepts
Butler et al. (2016) elaborated that whilst LGB is a concept that refers to sexual orientation, T and Q, are often used as concepts that refers to gender identity. Other empirical studies noted that the LGB orientation and Transgender and Queer identities, in the United States and the rest of the world, are medically under-served and experience a broad list of health disparities, and this has contributed to their increased vulnerability to communicable and non-communicable diseases as well as other social ills and socio-economic disadvantages (Rahman, 2019; Quinn et al., 2020).
Social and Political Context
Rahman (2019) observed that the non-heterosexual orientation is one of the major determinant factors in the challenges experienced by members of the LGBTQ community in accessing quality, tailored and affordable health care Gynecological Health Care for Lesbian, Bisexual & Transgender Individuals essay. According to recent statistics, about 1.2 to 15% of the mainstream population in the United States identifies as members of the LGBT community, and they are represent people from diverse ethnicities, ages, creeds, geography and cultural backgrounds (Quinn et al., 2020). In view of the minority stress model, Butler et al. (2016) asserted that the LGBT movement gained prominence as a powerful and global socio-political movement aimed at reflecting new forms of sexuality, away from the patriarchal heteronormative behaviors that had historically defined the mainstream understanding of gender and sexuality in most cultures across the world. Other findings by Hafeez et al. (2017) reported that the significant rise in social stigmatization faced by sexual minorities has raised concerns over the high susceptibility of LGBT communities to a series of health problems such as HIV/AIDs, tobacco and illicit drugs, abuse of alcohol, unprotected sex, obesity, breast and cervical cancer, bullying, mental disorders, and violent behavior. Billard and Gross (2020) added that the social stigmatization experienced by the members of the LGBT groups is exacerbated by the prevalence of discriminatory practices and poor access to health care and support as a result of the growing levels of homophobia. Rahman (2019) noted that homophobic tendencies has contributed to the growing experiences of prejudice and discrimination against the LGBT groups in different parts of the world amidst the formulation and enforcement of public health policies in favor of pro-equality reforms. In a study that explored the status of the LGBT movements in the United States, Patrick and Markel (2020) commented that the LGBT movement has made significant attempts aimed at creating and utilizing networks, public demonstrations, riots, lobbying, political representation and other arrangements to maneuver in political places and spaces to initiate requisite political chance in support of LGBT rights. Gynecological Health Care for Lesbian, Bisexual & Transgender Individuals essay.
Social Determinants of Health Affecting LGBTQ
Hafeez et al. (2017) asserted that whilst the establishment of the LGBT identity is considered a major development in favor of pro-equality reforms, the growing cases of homophobia represent a major barrier to accessing health care and support by members of the LGBT populations. Similarly, Alencar Albuquerque et al. (2016) commented that, a majority of health care providers and professionals have often employed the heterosexuality matrix as the standard for determining the case of gender and sexual identity, and this has contributed to discrimination, social stigmatization and inequality. A set of social determinants including the intersection between gender and sexuality, race, age, employment, and socioeconomic status have played a major role in impeded the equitable, universal and reasonable access to health care delivery. Other empirical findings reported that the demands from the LGBT movement have often emphasized inclusivity, diversity, tolerance and defense of gender identities and sexual orientation. Gynecological Health Care for Lesbian, Bisexual & Transgender Individuals essay As a result, the implementation of inclusion policies and practices in different societal sectors including education and health has sought to promote the values of respect to peace, to diversity and to non-discrimination by gender identities and sexual orientation (Butler et al. 2016). However, the Office of Disease prevention and Health Promotion (2021) reiterated that the controversy surrounding what behaviors are acceptable and whose identities associated are legitimate has contributed to a societal setting where the contested identities of the LGBT communities is said to have transformed the conventional social order. Amy and Davis (2021) insisted that the societal attitudes towards homosexuality and queerness are criticized for a possible shifty in the mainstream national cultures of most countries around the world against ‘permissive’ sexual mores. In practice, the social determinants affecting LGBT population’s health is largely embedded in the manner in which these populations have suffered social stigmatization and discrimination, which have greatly influenced the access to health care and support, status and outcomes of sexual minorities Gynecological Health Care for Lesbian, Bisexual & Transgender Individuals essay.
Barriers to Health Care
From a gender-based diversity, Amy and Davis (2021) insisted that core barriers to health services access have historically undermined the current efforts aimed at integrating the wide spectrum of sexual and gender identities and communities into the mainstream populations. Some of the main barriers to health care access among the LGBT communities include limited access to health care and health insurance, poor socio-economic status, absence of availability of health care professionals providing fertility services to women who identify themselves as lesbian, deficit in provider training, biased practices by professionals, and cultural constraints (Patrick & Markel, 2020) Gynecological Health Care for Lesbian, Bisexual & Transgender Individuals essay. The Office of Disease prevention and Health Promotion (2021) noted that the growing list of threats to LGBT groups and people’s health have been widely associated with the embedment of biphobia, homophobia, heterosexism and transphobia within all social and political institutions. As a result, the core barriers to health as experienced by most members of the LGBT communities are worsened by the discriminatory dynamics, stigma, social exclusion, and also the lack of health provider knowledge and invisibility of the plight of the LGBT people (Quinn et al., 2020).
Health Care Disparities
Hafeez et al. (2017) noted that the LGBT population is heavily confronted by the high prevalence of HIV/AID incidence and prevalence. Compared to heterosexual men, findings have reported that gay men are more likely to record higher rates of HIV infection. Other health disparities are also reported in the disproportionate rates of sexual transmitted diseases including gonorrhea, human papillomavirus, syphilis and others among men who have sex with men. Equally, lesbian, gay and bisexual adolescents and young adults were identified to be more obese and likely to use illicit substance and alcohol than their straight peers (Amy and Davis, 2021). As a result, most members of the LGBT communities are subject to substantially more physical, emotional and sexual trauma that could contribute to significant health disparities, and hence contributing to their higher rates of all-cause morbidity and mortality rates between LGT and heterosexuals (Patrick & Markel, 2020) Gynecological Health Care for Lesbian, Bisexual & Transgender Individuals essay.
The findings in this report demonstrate that the LGBT communities experience a good deal of barriers when it comes to access to equitable, top-quality and patient-centered care and support. A myriad of social determinants as well as political and social constraints have over time contributed to the growing list of health disparities and their consequences on members of the LGBTQ populations in both developed and emerging worlds.
Alencar Albuquerque, G., de Lima Garcia, C., & da Silva Quirino, G.(2016) Access to health services by lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender persons: systematic literature review. BMC Int Health Hum Rights, 16, 2 (2016). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12914-015-0072-9
Amy, L. & Davis, S. (2021).LGBT Social Movements. Oxford Bibliographies. DOI: www.10.1093/obo/9780199756384-0219
Billard, T.J. & Gross, L. (2020). LGBTQ Politics in Media and Culture. In book: Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Politics. Oxford: Oxford University Press. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/343889708_LGBTQ_Politics_in_Media_and_Culture
Butler M, McCreedy E, & Schwer N.,(2016).Improving Cultural Competence to Reduce Health Disparities [Internet]. Rockville (MD): Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (US); 2016 Mar. (Comparative Effectiveness Reviews, No. 170.) 3, Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Populations. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK361118/ Gynecological Health Care for Lesbian, Bisexual & Transgender Individuals essay
Hafeez, H., Zeshan, M., Tahir, M. A., Jahan, N., & Naveed, S. (2017). Health Care Disparities among Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Youth: A Literature Review. Cureus, 9(4), e1184. https://doi.org/10.7759/cureus.1184
Office of Disease prevention and Health Promotion, (2021). Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Health. https://www.healthypeople.gov/2020/topics-objectives/topic/lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-transgender-health
Patrick, D. & Markel, H. (2020).LGBT Politics in the United States. Oxford Bibliographies. DOI: www.10.1093/obo/9780199756223-0188
Quinn, G.P., Alpert, A.B., Sutter, M. & Schabath, M.B. (2020).What Oncologists Should Know about Treating Sexual and Gender Minority Patients With Cancer. Oncology Practice, 309-316.DOI: www.10.1200/OP.20.00036
Rahman, M. (2019).What Makes LGBT Sexualities Political: Understanding Oppression in Sociological, Historical, and Cultural Context. Oxford Handbook Online. DOI: www.10.1093/oxfordhb/9780190673741.013.2 Gynecological Health Care for Lesbian, Bisexual & Transgender Individuals essay