Topic 1 DQ 2
How does personality differ from: a) character, and b) temperament?
Personality is defined by Burger (2011) as, “consistent behavior patterns and intrapersonal processes originating within the individual”.Character is defined as the mental and moral qualities distinctive to an individual. These moral and mental qualities are/were taught down by an authoritative figure. They were developed over the years and can consist of integrity, honesty, and/or being dependable.
Temperament broadly refers to consistent individual differences in behavior that are biologically based and are relatively independent of learning, system of values or attitudes. This consists of anger or happiness and are brought about through emotions. They can interfere with one’s thinking and actions. How does personality differ from: a) character, and b) temperament? PSY 255 Topic 1 DQ 2
Burger, J.M. (2011). Personality, Tenth Edition. Pg. 4. Retrieved from https://www.gcumedia.com/digital-resources/cengage/2018/personality_10e.php
Nice to meet you! Personality is very complex. There is no one specific definition. Personality is one’s unique set of traits within a person which influence one’s beliefs, motivations, emotions, behaviors and even their environment. Personality can be referred to our patterns of thoughts, behaviors and motivators that help us develop through our lives. It helps us perceive the environment around us, as well as our perception and attitude. Character helps us know who we are inside. It refers to our morals and beliefs which defines how we treat or behave with others. Personality is a combination of qualities, attitude and behavior, which makes one distinct from others. “Character refers to a set of moral and mental qualities and beliefs, that makes a person different from others.” (Phil 2017)
Phil, et al. “Difference Between Personality and Character (with Comparison Chart).” Key Differences, 12 Aug. 2017, keydifferences.com/difference-between-personality-and-character.html. How does personality differ from: a) character, and b) temperament? PSY 255 Topic 1 DQ 2
Topic 1 DQ 2
Temperament is defined by Rothbart as “emotional excitability” (2007). Meaning, it is how a person emotionally reacts to a situation and with how much intensity they display would determine a person’s temperament. Here are some adjectives to explain Rothbart’s statement: intense, fidgety, easygoing, quiet, irritable, unpredictable, cheerful, relaxed, and resistant are a few words to describe temperament. In fact, temperament is the part of your personality that people learn about you first. We know this when we observe infants; are they fussy babies or good-natured babies. How does personality differ from: a) character, and b) temperament? PSY 255 Topic 1 DQ 2
Whereas character is defined with a particular emphasis on moral qualities. A.W. Tozer described character as “the excellence of moral beings.” Another way to think about character is when a person exhibits a lack of character, they tend to behave dishonestly and is unethical. Character is something you can learn. Personally, I like to read the book of Proverbs to build my character.
How does personality differ form character and temperament? First, the definition of personality according to Myers is “an individual’s characteristic pattern of thinking, feeling, and acting. Personalities are developed through environment, genetics, and what we learn through life experiences. I believe our personality reflects our character and temperament. Meaning, they’re both fundamental parts of our personality.
Evans, D., Rothbart, M.K. (2007). Developing a model for adult temperament. Journal of Research in Personality, 41, 868–888.
Myers, D. G. (2011). Exploring psychology: eighth edition in modules. New York, NY: Worth Custom Publishing. How does personality differ from: a) character, and b) temperament? PSY 255 Topic 1 DQ 2