MN566 – Intro to NP- Unit 1 Discussion

MN566 – Intro to NP- Unit 1 Discussion

 

Discuss the differences between a Primary Care Nurse Practitioner and an Acute Care Nurse Practitioner and their scope of practice. Why is this important to know as you move from being a nurse into your new role as an NP?

The American Nurses Association (ANA) describes a scope of practice for nurse practitioners as guidelines for who, what, when, where, why and how (American Nurses Association, 2018). The scope of practice for Nurse Practitioner’s varies based on state legislation. MN566 – Intro to NP- Unit 1 Discussion. States scope of practice are defined as physician relationship required, transition to independent practice required, and full practice authority (Scope of Practice Policy, 2018). The state of Florida scope of practice for nurse practitioners is a physician relationship required.

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The Acute Care Nurse Practitioner (ACNP) is an advanced level nurse who has completed five hundred supervised clinical hours in an acute care setting. Many master level programs offer the nurse a dual adult-gerontology acute care nurse practitioner (AG-ACNP). The ACNP specializes in the care of patients with acute and chronic illness. These settings include: intensive care, emergency rooms, nursing homes, urgent care, and private physician settings. The ACNP performs pharmacological and non-pharmacological treatments. The ACNP focuses on the assessment and diagnosis of chronic, and acute conditions MN566 – Intro to NP- Unit 1 Discussion. The ACNP manages comorbid conditions across lifespan with epidemiological, cultural, genetic considerations (Kilpatrick, 2012). The ACNP develops a treatment plan in collaboration with the patient.

The Primary Nurse Practitioner (PNP) is an advanced level nurse whose focus is on primary care. The PNP has completed supervised clinical hours across life spans such as: geriatrics, pediatrics, primary care, and women’s health. The PNP completes an advanced assessment for treatment and diagnosis of patients with chronic illness and manages comorbid conditions (American Association of Nurse Practitioners, 2018). The PNP performs pharmacological and non-pharmacological treatments. MN566 – Intro to NP- Unit 1 Discussion.

The demand of specialty and primary nurse practitioners continues to rise. As a nurse transitioning into an advanced level nurse it is important to understand state specific legislation for scope of practice. The scope of practice is significant to the advanced level nurse’s board certification, and safety for patients.

References

American Nurses Association. (2018). Scope and Standards of Practice. Retrieved from

http://www.nursingworld.org/scopeandstandardsofpractice

American Association of Nurse Practitioners. (2018). All About an NP. Retrieved from

https://www.aanp.org/all-about-nps

Kilpatrick, K. (2012). Understanding acute care nurse practitioner communication and decision-

making in healthcare teams. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 22(2), 168-171. doi: 10.1111/

j.1365—2701.2012.04119.x MN566 – Intro to NP- Unit 1 Discussion

Scope of Practice Policy. (2018). Nurse Practitioner Overview. Retrieved from

http://scopeofpracticepolicy.org/practitioners/nurse-practitioners/

MN566 – Intro to NP- Unit 1 Discussion