PHN-652 Topic 2: Models and Tools Used in Public Health
Topic 2: Models and Tools Used in Public Health
- Describe the importance of public health models in providing quality health care.
- Differentiate between public health models for a public health program.
- Analyze existing models of public health.
The intervention wheel is a commonly used model used in public health. The purpose of this assignment is to analyze the intervention wheel and contrast it with another model used in public health. Write a 1,250-1,500 word PHN-652 Topic 2: Models and Tools Used in Public Health paper, including the following:
- A description of the strengths and weaknesses of the intervention wheel.
- An example of when the intervention wheel has been used in public health.
- A brief description of another model used in public health.
- A description of how the two models are similar.
- A description of how the two models are different.
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Why are public health models important in providing quality health care? Briefly describe two public health models and their impact on quality health care.
Re: Topic 2 DQ 1
Why public health models are important in providing quality health care?
Public health relates to the organized measures put in place to promote health, prevent diseases, as well as prolong the life of the entire population. Public health model, on the other hand, addresses social problems or health comprehensively PHN-652 Topic 2: Models and Tools Used in Public Health. It mainly considers the environment, human factors, and the characteristics of the source of harm. One main benefit of the public health models is that they identify the causes and propose possible interventions. The public health model is essential in providing quality health care. The model takes the population approach to disease prevention and health promotion. It focuses not only on traditional areas of treatment, diagnosis and etiology but also on epidemiologic surveillance of the entire population (McCaughey & Cermele, 2017). Other areas of focus include disease prevention, health promotion as well as access to evaluation of services. These models target the prevention of problems through targeted interventions and policies of the known risk factors for the challenge. The act of quick identification and response to the problems minimize their long-term effects.
One of the public health models is health belief models. It is based on the understanding that an individual will take action connected to health if they feel that it can prevent an adverse health condition. It also incorporates the belief that the act will have a positive expectation at the end (Mahmoud et al., 2018). An excellent example includes the use of condoms to prevent HIV. The second model is the Transtheoretical model. It is associated with behaviour change and assess the readiness of an individual to act on a new and healthier behavior. It, therefore, comes up with processes or strategies of change in guiding the individual through the different stages of life (Segall, 2017) PHN-652 Topic 2: Models and Tools Used in Public Health.
Mahmoud, M. H., Sayed, S. H., Ibrahim, H. A. F., & Abd-Elhakam, E. M. (2018). Effect of Health Belief Model-Based Educational Intervention About Breast Cancer on Nursing Students’ Knowledge, Health Beliefs and Breast Self-Examination Practice. International Journal of Studies in Nursing, 3(3), 77
McCaughey, M., & Cermele, J. (2017). Changing the hidden curriculum of campus rape prevention and education: Women’s self-defence as a key protective factor for a public health model of prevention. Trauma, Violence, & Abuse, 18(3), 287-302 PHN-652 Topic 2: Models and Tools Used in Public Health
Segall, P. J. (2017). Readiness for Positive Change: A Conceptual Framework Integrating Positive Psychology and the Transtheoretical Model of Behavior Change.
There are numerous tools available for public health nurses to use. Choose the tool used in public health that is, in your opinion, the most effective. Provide a rationale for this tool’s effectiveness and provide an example of when it has been used. PHN-652 Topic 2: Models and Tools Used in Public Health.