PSY 255 Personality Psychology

PSY 255 Personality Psychology

Topic 1: Introduction to Personality Psychology

Objectives:
  1. Analyze the methods of personality research.
  2. Compare psychologists’ usage of the term personality with everyday definitions.
  3. Identify the cultural aspects in the development and expression of personality.
  4. Discuss the major components of Freud’s theories.

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The purpose of this assignment is to get students thinking about how personality impacts real life behaviors outside the classroom.

Using any of the resources you have available, read, listen to, or watch a short documentary on a specific criminal of your choice. Ensure the media is factual. When making a choice consider the wide variety of crimes a person may engage in; violent crime, property crime, white-collar crime, organized crime, and “victimless” crime.

In 600-750-words use the document, “Introduction to Personality Media Analysis,” under the assignment tab, to complete this assignment.

This PSY 255 Personality Psychology assignment uses a rubric. Please review the rubric prior to beginning the assignment to become familiar with the expectations for successful completion.

APA style is not required, but solid academic writing is expected.
You are not required to submit this assignment to LopesWrite.

Name: Class: PSY-255 Date:

Introduction to Personality Media Analysis

The purpose of this assignment is to get students thinking about how personality impacts real life behaviors outside the classroom. Using any of the resources you have available, read, listen to, or watch a short documentary on a specific criminal of your choice. Ensure the media is factual. When making a choice consider the wide variety of crimes a person may engage in; violent crime, property crime, white-collar crime, organized crime, and “victimless” crime PSY 255 Personality Psychology.

  1. Identify the following.

Location of the media (Youtube, Netflix, PBS, GCU Library, etc):

Title of the media:

Name of the criminal:

Crime(s) committed:

 

  1. Provide a brief 3-5 sentence description of the individual. Provide the information you think someone will need to understand who this person is, consider demographics and psychological data.

 

 

 

 

 

 

  1. Provide a brief 3-5 sentence description as to why you think this person engaged in the acts identified in the media.

 

 

 

 

 

 

  1. Using chapter 1 of the textbook, identify the theory/ies of personality that appear/s to best fit your description.

 

 

 

 

 

 

  1. Glance ahead in the text. Briefly examine the chapter connected to the theory that appeared closest to your personal view of human nature. Use some of the ideas presented in that chapter to explain why the individual engaged in criminal activity PSY 255 Personality Psychology.

 

 

 

 

 

 

  1. Based on the description of your preferred theory, what additional information might you need to confirm whether this individual fits the theory identified? What sort of questions might be helpful to ask during an intake interview? PSY 255 Personality Psychology

 

 

Topic 1 DQ 1

Almost all personality research has been conducted in Western, English speaking countries. What impact might this have on the resulting theories?

Topic 1 DQ 1

Hello,

Geographical research does impact theories because personality traits are believed to be formed through patterns in thinking, feeling, and behaving. For instance, take two small medical clinics, one located in a hustling and bustling city in NY and the other located in the country in Oregon. Both clinics hire doctors, with no experience, straight out of medical school PSY 255 Personality Psychology. The country doctor who works twenty years in an environment of a slow paced, easy-going, and knows everyone’s first name is going to develop a different personality trait, habits, and a belief system of how medicine should be administered compared to the city doctor. A city doctor, after 20 years, might believe people are just a number, not personable, and is all about selling more pharmaceuticals.

If researchers gave these two doctors a personality study they would probably have completely opposite point of views, reactions, and personality traits. Likewise, when personality research is only conducted in Western countries the results may show personalities to be easy going, generous, and forgiving people who treat others with respect, dignity, and with equal opportunities.

 

Topic 1 DQ 2

How does personality differ from: a) character, and b) temperament?

Topic 2: The Neo-Freudian Theorists and Research

Objectives:

  1. Compare neo-Freudian theories with Freud’s theory.
  2. Describe the current research derived from Freud’s theories.
  3. Describe the current research of the neo-Freudian theories.

Comparison of Theorists

Choose a well-known fictional character from TV, movies, or literature and analyze them using psychoanalytic theory. Use the following questions to write a case study analysis of the character.

  1. Demographics of the character (gender, age, race, location, profession, etc.).
  2. Personal history:
    1. Notable childhood experiences (positive and negative).
    2. Any notable experiences from adolescence or adulthood?
  3. Identify a number of maladaptive thoughts, feelings, and behaviors that might cause this individual to seek out (or be sent to) therapy. Explain why these particular thoughts, feelings, and behaviors may be distressing for the individual and/or society PSY 255 Personality Psychology.
  4. Analysis of problem: why are they experiencing their presenting problem? What would one psychodynamic theorist (Freud, Horney, Adler, or Jung) say about this person’s psychological issues? Explain the problem from two different perspectives.
  5. Explain one alternative psychodynamic theorist’s perspective (Freud, Horney, Adler, or Jung).

Structure of paper:

  1. Demographics
  2. History
  3. Presenting Problem
  4. Analysis of Problem
  5. Alternative Analysis of the Problem

Approximately three to four pages double spaced (1,000-1,500 words).
At least two to three scholarly sources.

Prepare this assignment according to the guidelines found in the APA Style Guide, located in the Student Success Center. An abstract is not required.

This assignment uses a rubric. Please review the rubric prior to beginning the assignment to become familiar with the expectations for successful completion.

You are required to submit this assignment to LopesWrite. Refer to the LopesWrite Technical Support articles for assistance.

Topic 3: The Trait Approach

Objectives:

  1. Analyze the major concepts of the trait approach.
  2. Compare the theories of Allport, Murray, and Cattell.
  3. Describe the current research in trait theory.
Name: Class: PSY-255 Date:

Trait Theory Short Answer Worksheet

Using this web site (https://www.outofservice.com/bigfive/) please complete the questions in order to get your Big 5 personality profile.

 

  1. List your percentile scores as they appear on the site:

Open-Mindedness:

Conscientiousness:

Extraversion:

Agreeableness:

Negative Emotionality:

 

  1. The site producing the scores provides a descriptor for each score. What was a sentence that particularly stood out to you and why?

 

 

 

 

 

 

  1. Utilizing at least one peer-reviewed resource, write a paragraph explaining the benefit of using personality testing in order to determine whether an individual should be employed in a specific job.

 

 

 

 

 

 

  1. Utilizing at least one peer-reviewed resource, write a paragraph explaining the limitations of using personality testing in order to determine whether an individual should be employed in a specific job.

 

 

 

 

 

 

  1. Imagine a situation where a person suddenly had access to the test results of a boyfriend/girlfriend. Explain why this person may have a strong desire to review the results of their significant other. What social and ethical problems could arise from seeing their results?

 

 

 

 

 

 

  1. Should we know the personality profiles of our community leaders? What might the public gain or lose from having those profiles?

 

 

 

 

 

 

Topic 3 DQ 1

What jobs should require personality tests prior to hiring a candidate? What traits are important for these jobs?

Topic 3 DQ 2

Discuss Allport’s concept of functional autonomy. Identify two instances in your life where functional autonomy was present.

Topic 4: The Biological Approach

Objectives:

  1. Analyze the major concepts of the biological approach.
  2. Compare current research derived from the biological approach. PSY 255 Personality Psychology

Personality Research Paper Outline

Write an outline of your research paper. Refer to Topic 7 for details regarding the Research Project due at the end of Topic 7.

Your outline should be 500-750 words, not including the required APA-formatted reference page and cover page.

Use the following as a guide to your research:

  1. Affirm your thesis on the approved personality psychology topic you have selected. Why is it important?
  2. Evaluate relevant and valid research that reflects the ethical standards in the discipline of personality psychology.
  3. Relate the concept to personality development.
  4. Utilize research to validate your ideas and supporting claims.

The instructor will provide feedback with the expectation that feedback is incorporated into your final research paper due at the end of Topic 7.

Use only peer-reviewed, scholarly sources.

This assignment uses a scoring guide. Please review the guide prior to beginning the assignment to become familiar with the expectations for successful completion. PSY 255 Personality Psychology

APA style is not required, but solid academic writing is expected.

You are not required to submit this assignment to LopesWrite.

Topic 4 DQ 1

Discuss some of the advantages and disadvantages in using twins to analyze genetic heritability. Why might it be useful for future twin studies to separate out monozygotic (identical) from dizygotic (fraternal) twins?

Topic 4 DQ 1
The advantages in using twins to analyze genetic heritability are both DZ and MZ come from the same genes and they share very similar environments. Dizygotic twins are no more alike genetically than any two siblings, this would be an advantage if you are comparing the differences between MZ and DZ. Both twins are always the same sex and have similar traits. (Burger, 2017).The disadvantages are twins have the same genes, are treated similarly, and they are from the same environment. Dizygotic twins are no more alike genetically than any two siblings, this would be a disadvantage if you are comparing both MZ and DZ twins. If both twins are the same sex, they are more likely to be similar to each other based on traits such as boys tend to be more active and sociable. (Burger, 2017).It would be useful to separate monozygotic from dizygotic because they clearly have many differences. I would consider dizygotic as regular siblings with their own traits and not fully considered as twins. They do share the environment but have different personalities and behaviors that make them different like any other siblings. Monozygotic I would consider them as twins because everything about them is so similar PSY 255 Personality Psychology. “If there is also a genetic influence on personality, we would expect the MZ twins to be more like each other than are the DZ twins because the MZ twins also have identical genes, but the DZ twins do not” (Burger, 2017, p. 230).References -Jerry M. Burger. (2017). Personality. Retrieved from https://viewer.gcu.edu/AvQkqn

Topic 4 DQ 2

Extroversion is highly connected to the need for stimulation in a way that is similar to ADHD. If a pill were developed to make people extroverted should some people start taking it, what are the risks and benefits?

Topic 5: The Humanistic Approach

Objectives:

  1. Analyze the major concepts of the humanistic approach.
  2. Compare humanistic theories.

Humanistic Personality Analysis

You will prepare and present a personality analysis of your choosing. In 10-12 slides, address the following questions.

  1. Choose a person to analyze. This can be a historical figure, a famous person (politician, celebrity, musician), or a fictional character from a book or other media. Just be sure you have enough information on this person’s personality and background to fully analyze them.
  2. Describe this person’s personality in detail using language and concepts from the humanistic perspective.
  3. Analyze this person from both Abraham Maslow’s humanistic perspective and Carl Rogers’s humanistic perspective. In other words, explain how this person’s personality would be described by each of those theorists. Explain how their personality developed the way it did, from Maslow’s and Rogers’s perspectives.
  4. If the person you described experiences psychological issues or psychopathology, explain how humanistic theory can be used to restore a state of health and psychological well-being to the person. In other words, if they suffer from anxiety, depression or other disorders, how would humanistic theorists like Maslow and Rogers help them overcome those disorders? PSY 255 Personality Psychology

Include speaker notes below each content-related slide that represent what would be said if giving the presentation in person. Expand upon the information included in the slide and do not simply restate it. Please ensure the speaker notes include 50-75 words per slide.

APA style is not required, but solid academic writing is expected.

This assignment uses a rubric. Please review the rubric prior to beginning the assignment to become familiar with the expectations for successful completion.

You are required to submit this assignment to LopesWrite. Refer to the LopesWrite Technical Support articles for assistance.

Topic 5 DQ 1

Carl Rogers assumed the position that people are innately good. Given your experience in world events, do you agree with Rogers’s position? Give three examples of why or why not. Justifying your responses with research directly from Rogers PSY 255 Personality Psychology.

Topic 5 DQ 2

Analyze your ability to self-disclose. Examine: a) your dating relationships/marriage, and b) peer relationships.

Topic 6: The Behavioral Social Learning Approach

Objectives:
  1. Analyze the major concepts of the behavioral social learning approaches.
  2. Compare the theories of Pavlov, Skinner, Bandura, and Rotter.

Benchmark – Personal Behavior Modification

For this assignment the student will take on the task of using behaviorism to assess and change a personal behavior utilizing the tenants of either classical conditioning, operant conditioning or both.

Create a 10-15-slide PowerPoint presentation that provides an overview of the behavioral change.

Use the following guidelines to complete your presentation:

  1. Include a title, introduction, discussion, and reference slide (four slides minimum).
  2. Provide an overview of the definition of behavior and create an operational definition for the behavior the student wishes to change (consider using the “Dead Man Test” to help define the behavior).
  3. Explain the desire for change, why is it important to incorporate this specific behavioral change.
  4. Track the behavior for three or more days documenting; how often the behavior occurs as well as the antecedents for the behavior and the consequences PSY 255 Personality Psychology.
  5. Explain the behavioral intervention, how will the student increase a desired behavior or decrease a maladaptive one?
  6. Track the results of the behavioral change with the intervention in place, how often does the behavior occur each day, how often did the reward or punishment occur?
  7. Use a graph to compare the observation period from the experimental period.
  8. Document the results of the experiment; did change occur, what was the cause?

Behaviors may include, but are not limited to: tardiness, smoking, drinking, gambling, compulsive eating, social media addiction, interrupting, nail biting, swearing, eating fast food, compulsive shopping, speaking with your mouth full, biting pens, or biting nails. You could also choose to start a new habit: taking vitamins, applying sunscreen before going outside, putting money in savings, exercise, etc.

Procrastination is NOT an appropriate behavior to choose for this assignment! You must choose something measurable!

Utilize information from the textbook and the GCU library. Information from non-peer-reviewed resources (e.g., simplypsychology.com, about.com, and wikipedia) will not be accepted.

Include speaker notes below each content-related slide that represent what would be said if giving the presentation in person. Expand upon the information included in the slide and do not simply restate it (50 words per slide).

APA style is not required, but solid academic writing is expected PSY 255 Personality Psychology.

This assignment uses a rubric. Please review the rubric prior to beginning the assignment to become familiar with the expectations for successful completion.

You are not required to submit this assignment to LopesWrite.

Benchmark Information
This benchmark assignment assesses the following programmatic competency.
BS Psychology, No Emphasis
BS Psychology, Emphasis in Performance and Sport Psychology
4.1 Implement strategies for self-management and self-improvement

Topic 6 DQ 1

Is punishment an effective tool for teaching children how to behave? In what situations is it most effective? In what situations, if any, should punishment NOT be used?

Topic 6 DQ 2

Consider a complex behavior you would want to get another person to engage in (e.g., washing the dishes). Using the idea of shaping, explain at least 5 individual steps you would have to regularly reward the subject for in order to get then to engage in the targeted activity. What sort of rewards would you use PSY 255 Personality Psychology?

Topic 7: The Cognitive Approach

Objectives:

  1. Analyze the major concepts of the cognitive approach.
  2. Compare the theories of Kelly, Mischel, Beck, and Ellis.

Benchmark – Personality Research Paper

Choose a topic, from your textbook, relevant to Personality Psychology (if it is not in your textbook make sure to get instructor approval, early).

In 2,000-2,500-words develop a position paper in which you:

  1. Relate your chosen topic to personality development.
  2. You must have a well-developed thesis and strong argumentation to support your thesis.
  3. Your paper should be steeped in research with little filler or non-supported conclusions.
  4. Use of first person is not allowed.
  5. Your paper must conform to APA writing standards including the use of APA formatted in-text citations from research and credible sources on the Internet to support your position.
  6. Your paper must include eight to ten scholarly sources. About.com, SimplyPsychology, VeryWellMind, and Wikipedia are not considered scholarly sources. PSY 255 Personality Psychology.

Prepare this assignment according to the guidelines found in the APA Style Guide, located in the Student Success Center. An abstract is required.

This assignment uses a rubric. Please review the rubric prior to beginning the assignment to become familiar with the expectations for successful completion.

You are required to submit this assignment to LopesWrite. Refer to the LopesWrite Technical Support articles for assistance.

Benchmark Information
This benchmark assignment assesses the following programmatic competency.
BS Psychology, No Emphasis
BS Psychology, Emphasis in Performance and Sport Psychology
1.2 Apply theoretical perspectives in psychology. PSY 255 Personality Psychology.